This Day in History – April 5

Staff Writer

• 1566 – Two-hundred Dutch noblemen, led by Hendrik van Brederode, force themselves into the presence of Margaret of Parma and present the Petition of Compromise, denouncing the Spanish Inquisition in the Netherlands. The Inquisition is suspended and a delegation is sent to Spain to petition Philip II.
• 1614 – In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.
• 1621 – The Mayflower sets sail from Plymouth, Massachusetts on a return trip to England.
• 1792 – U.S. President George Washington exercises his authority to veto a bill, the first time this power is used in the United States.
• 1904 – The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
• 1933 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs two executive orders: 6101 to establish the Civilian Conservation Corps, and 6102 "forbidding the Hoarding of Gold Coin, Gold Bullion, and Gold Certificates" by U.S. citizens.
• 1949 – Fireside Theater debuts on television.
• 1951 – Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are sentenced to death for spying for the Soviet Union.
• 1956 – Fidel Castro declares himself at war with Cuban President Fulgencio Batista.
• 1969 – Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities.
• 1976 – In the People's Republic of China, the April Fifth Movement leads to the Tiananmen incident.
• 1994 – American musician Kurt Cobain commits suicide.
• 2010 – Twenty-nine coal miners are killed in an explosion at the Upper Big Branch Mine in West Virginia.