â˘ 44 BC â Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.
â˘ 1493 â Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first trip to the Americas.
â˘ 1820 â Maine becomes the 23rd U.S. state.
â˘ 1916 â President Woodrow Wilson sends 4,800 United States troops over the U.S.-Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa.
â˘ 1945 â World War II: Soviet forces begin an offensive to push Germans from Upper Silesia.